Names of agricultural implements essential

Farm equipment is becoming a game-changer in this era of rapid technological advances and rising standards of sustainable and efficient farming, empowering farmers and influencing the future of agriculture. With its diverse farming practices and rich agricultural history, India has always been at the forefront of agricultural innovation.

The year 2023 will be remembered as a pivotal year as innovative agricultural tools and equipment have transformed the way farmers work, improving productivity, profitability and sustainability. We will explore their impact on many parts of farming as we delve into the specifications of these excellent farm equipment and provide you with a list of the best farm equipment. So let's go.

    Why do farmers need farm equipment?

    Before we delve deeper into farming tools and provide a list of tools used in farming, you need to understand why these items are needed.

    These farm equipment are designed to assist farmers in a variety of tasks, ultimately increasing productivity, efficiency and sustainability in agricultural practices. Let's understand it better.

    Farm equipment is designed to speed up and automate processes that would otherwise require a lot of time and labor. By using tools and machinery, farmers can work faster and with less effort.

    The use of agricultural technologies can significantly increase the production of farmers. Farmers can cover large amounts of land with modern machinery, sow precise seeds, apply fertilizers and pesticides precisely, and harvest faster.

    Farmers can finally reduce their operating cost by using farm equipment. Although some equipment may require an initial investment, they often result in cost savings over time by reducing labor costs and eliminating resource waste.

    List of best farm equipment

    (1) Tractor

    A tractor is a versatile and essential agricultural vehicle that is used for various farming tasks. It plays a key role in modern agriculture by providing power and traction to perform labor-intensive activities more efficiently. Tractors are equipped with powerful engines, strong wheels or tracks and a range of attachments or implements.

    The main functions of tractors include ploughing, ploughing, mowing, planting, fertilizing, cultivating and harvesting. It can also be used to carry and transport crops, equipment and materials around the farm.

    Image of a tractor in a field, working on plowing the land.
    A powerful tractor plows a huge field and shapes the future of farming.

    Tractors come in a variety of sizes and configurations to suit different farming operations, from small family farms to large commercial enterprises. They have revolutionized agriculture significantly, reducing dependence on manual labor and increasing productivity. In addition, tractors have enabled farmers to cultivate larger areas and adopt more advanced and sustainable farming methods, contributing to the growth and efficiency of the agricultural industry worldwide.

    2. Tillage equipment

    2.1 Plough: "Plough" refers to an agricultural implement used to turn and loosen soil, primarily to prepare it for planting crops. These tools have been crucial to agriculture for thousands of years and have evolved significantly over time. Here is some information about plows:

    2.1.1 History of the Plough: The plow is the earliest and most important agricultural invention in human history. The plow is believed to have been developed in Mesopotamia around 3,000 BC, although similar tools may have been used earlier in other regions. Initially, plows were ordinary digging sticks or wooden dogs pulled by men or draft animals.

    2.1.2 Types of Plough: Over the centuries, different types of plows have been developed to suit different terrains, soil types and agricultural practices. Some common types include:

    • Moldboard plough: A moldboard plow is a farming tool used to turn soil, preparing it for planting crops. It is made of long, curved blades called moldboards, which are attached to a frame with handles for pulling. Farmers use plows with tractors or animals like horses or oxen. As the plow moves forward, the moldboard cuts into the soil and turns it over, burying weeds and old crop residues and bringing up fresh, nutrient-rich soil from below. This process helps aerate the soil, improves drainage and controls weeds. Moldboard plows have been used for centuries and are still important in modern agriculture, especially for preparing fields for planting large crops such as corn and wheat.

    Moldboard plough

    • Chisel Plough: A chisel plow is a farming tool that looks like a large metal stick with a sharp edge. Farmers use it to dig into the soil, breaking it up and preparing to plant crops. It is like massaging the soil deeply, loosening it so that the plants can grow better. A chisel plow does not turn the soil like other plows. Instead, it holds most of the soil in place, which is good because it helps prevent erosion and keeps nutrients where they belong. Gently aerates the soil, making it healthier for plants. Farmers attach a chisel plow to a tractor and pull it across their fields to make rows of small cuts in the soil. This helps water soak into the soil better, which is important for thirsty plants. So, in short, the chisel plow is like the superhero of the soil, preparing the soil for planting and helping the crops to grow strong and healthy.

    Chisel Plough

    • Disc Plough: A disc plow is a farming tool used to prepare land for planting crops. It consists of several round blades, called discs, attached to a strong frame. This disc cuts through the soil, breaks it into small pieces and turns it. This process helps loosen compacted soil, remove weeds and bury crop residues from previous harvests. The depth of the discs can be adjusted to control how deep they cut into the soil. Disc plows are commonly used in agriculture because they are efficient in preparing land for planting, improving soil aeration and promoting better water penetration. They are particularly useful in areas with heavy or clay soils, where conventional plows may struggle to break through. Overall, the disc plow is an important tool for farmers to maintain healthy soil and achieve successful crop yields.
    Disc Plough

    • Subsoiler: A subsoiler plow is a specialized farming tool used to break up and loosen subsoil. It is designed to reach deeper into the soil than a regular plow, which usually only scratches the surface. By doing so, the subsoiler helps improve soil drainage and aeration, which are important for healthy plant growth. When soil becomes compacted, water and air cannot penetrate well, and plant roots struggle to spread. A subsoiler breaks up this compacted layer, allowing roots to grow deeper and plants to use more nutrients. It is like massaging the soil well to be healthy and happy. Farmers use subsoiler plows to prepare land for planting crops, especially in areas where soil compaction is a problem.

    2.1.3 Importance of Plough: The plow has played a major role in increasing agricultural productivity throughout history. By turning and aerating the soil, they create better seedbeds for planting, improve nutrient availability and help control weeds. This, in turn, leads to higher crop yields and more efficient land use.

    2.1.4 Modern Plough: In modern agriculture, plows have become more sophisticated and are often mounted on tractors or other farm machinery, increasing their efficiency and ease of use. Some modern plows are also equipped with GPS technology, which allows for precise and efficient field operations.

    2.1.5 Plough in Cultural Contexts: The plow is significant not only in agriculture but also in cultural and literary contexts. It is often associated with hard work, perseverance and the initiation of culture. The phrase "breaking the soil with the plow" is sometimes used metaphorically to begin a new endeavor or explore new territory.

    2.1.6 Environmental Considerations: While plows are instrumental in farming, modern sustainable farming practices often prioritize minimal soil disturbance to reduce erosion and maintain soil health. As a result, conservation tillage methods that use less tillage operations are becoming more popular in some farming systems.

    Overall, the plow has been integral to the development of agriculture and has played an important role in shaping human civilization by enabling efficient food production.

    2.2 Harrow:

    The term "harrow" means a farm implement used to break up and smooth the surface of the soil after plowing, or to remove weeds and prepare the land for planting. Harrows have been used for centuries and are essential tools for land preparation. Here is some information about Harrow:

    2.2.1 Purpose of harrow: The harrow is mainly used to prepare the land for planting by breaking the soil mounds, leveling the soil and making fine seeds. They also help incorporate fertilizers, herbicides or other soil amendments into the soil, making them effective tools for crop establishment. 

    2.2.2 Types of harrows: There are several types of harrows, each designed for specific soil conditions and agricultural tasks: 

    • Disc Harrow: Disc harrow is a farming tool that looks like a set of large, round blades attached to a frame. Farmers use it to break up the soil and prepare it for planting crops. The blades, called discs, spin around and cut through the soil, cutting through any large clumps nice and smooth. This helps in creating a good seedbed for planting. Disc harrows also help mix in any leftover plant material from previous crops, which can add nutrients back into the soil. They are convenient because they can be adjusted to dig deeper or shallower depending on what the farmer needs. Overall, disc harrows are important tools for preparing the soil for growing healthy crops.

    Disc Harrow

    • Chain Harrow: Chain harrow is a farm tool that looks like a big rake with chains instead of solid bars. Farmers attach it to a tractor and drag it across the fields. The chains have sharp teeth that dig into the soil, breaking up clumps and leveling the surface. This helps to prepare the soil for planting by creating a smooth and even seedbed. Chain harrowing also helps to spread out leftover plant material, like straw or hay, which can improve soil health by adding organic matter. Additionally, it can help to aerate the soil, allowing air and water to penetrate deeper, which is good for the roots of crops. Overall, chain harrowing is an important tool for maintaining healthy and productive farmland.

    Chain Harrow
    • Spike-Tooth Harrow: Spike-tooth harrow is a farm tool used to break up and smooth out soil. It consists of a frame with rows of spikes or teeth attached. These spikes penetrate the soil surface, breaking up clumps and leveling the ground. Farmers use spike-tooth harrows after ploughing to prepare the soil for planting by creating a smooth seedbed. They can also be used to incorporate fertilizer or manure into the soil. Spike-tooth harrows come in different sizes and designs, with some pulled behind tractors and others operated by hand or with animal power. They are essential tools for maintaining healthy soil structure and promoting optimal conditions for plant growth.

    Spike-Tooth Harrow

    • Spring-Tooth Harrow: Spring-tooth harrow is a tool used in farming to prepare soil for planting crops. It has long, flexible metal teeth attached to a frame, which are often curved like springs. When dragged over the soil, these teeth dig into the ground, breaking up clods of dirt and loosening the soil. The spring-like action of the teeth allows them to adjust to the contours of the land, making it effective on uneven terrain. Spring-tooth harrows are especially useful for removing weeds, aerating the soil, and incorporating organic matter. They are typically used in the springtime before planting to help create a fine seedbed for optimal crop growth. Overall, spring-tooth harrows are valuable tools for farmers to maintain healthy soil and improve crop yields.

    Spring-Tooth Harrow

    • Combination HarrowCombination harrow is a farm tool used to prepare soil for planting crops. It consists of different types of harrows combined into one machine. These harrows have sharp teeth or discs that dig into the soil to break up clods, remove weeds, and level the ground. The combination harrow is versatile because it can perform multiple tasks in one pass, saving time and effort for farmers. It can also be adjusted to work at different depths and angles, depending on the soil and the crops being planted. Overall, the combination harrow is a useful tool for farmers to prepare their fields efficiently and effectively for planting.

    2.2.3 Use and handling: Harrows are usually pulled behind tractors or draft animals. Harrow teeth or discs create a cutting and smoothing action as they move through the soil. Harrow penetration depth can be adjusted according to the desired level of soil disturbance. 2.2.4 Importance in Agriculture: Harrows play a crucial role in seed preparation, as they create an ideal environment for seeds to germinate and establish roots. By breaking up soil clods and leveling the field, the harrow improves seed-to-soil contact, which is critical for successful crop growth. 2.2.5 Modern Harrow: Modern agriculture has seen advances in harrow technology. Some harrows are now equipped with hydraulic systems that allow farmers to adjust their working depth and angle from the tractor cab, increasing ease of use and efficiency.
      2.2.6 Environmental considerations: Similar to tillage, modern sustainable farming practices aim to minimize soil disturbance to reduce soil erosion and maintain soil health. As a result, some farmers use low tillage or no-till practices that limit the use of harrows in favor of conservation tillage methods.

    In summary, harrows are essential agricultural tools used for soil preparation and seed purification. They help create optimal environments for planting crops, contributing to higher crop yields and efficient agricultural practices.

    Planting and Seeding machine

    1. Seed Drill:

    "Seed drill" is an important agricultural tool used in agriculture for accurate and efficient sowing of seeds. It revolutionized the way seeds were sown, significantly improved crop yields and reduced labor. The seed drill is considered one of the major innovations in the history of agriculture. Here is some information about seed drills:

    1.1 Invention and Development: The seed drill in its earliest form was invented in the early 18th century (around 1701) by an English farmer named Jethro Tull. A drawbar seed drill was a horse-drawn implement that sowed seed in straight rows at a constant depth. His discovery marked a significant departure from traditional methods of propagation, where seeds were scattered by hand on the ground without any specific arrangement.

    1.2 Functionality: The seed drill works by making furrows in the soil at predetermined intervals. The seeds are deposited in the furrows at a controlled rate, ensuring equal spacing between them. The depth at which seeds are planted can also be adjusted, allowing for proper seed-to-soil contact and optimal germination conditions.

    1.3 Benefits of seed drill:

    • Efficiency: The seed drill has greatly increased the speed and efficiency of seeding as compared to manual broadcasting. This enabled farmers to cover large areas in a short time.
    • Uniformity: By sowing seeds in rows at constant depth and spacing, seed drills improve uniformity in plant growth. This simplified the cultivation, weeding and harvesting processes.
    • Seed protection: Hand propagation of seeds often results in uneven distribution, leading to seed wastage. Seed drills reduced seed wastage and helped farmers use seeds more efficiently.
    • Improved yield: With precise planting and optimal seed-to-soil contact, seed germination rates and subsequently crop yields are significantly improved.

    1.4 Advancements in Seed Drill Technology: Over time, there have been various technological advancements in seed drills. Modern seed drills are now often tractor-mounted and equipped with additional features such as seed rate control, GPS guidance systems, and the ability to plant multiple types of seed or apply fertilizers simultaneously during the planting process.

    1.5 Types of Seed Drills: There are many types of seed drills designed for different farming practices and field conditions. Some common types include:

    • Broadcast Seed Drills: These drills are suitable for sowing seeds of crops that can tolerate wide distances such as cereals. They distribute the seeds evenly across the field without placing them in specific rows.

    Seed Drill

    • Precision Seed Drills: Precision seed drills are used for crops that require more precise spacing, such as vegetables or crops grown for specific purposes such as seed production.

    Precision Seed Drill

    • No-till seed drills: No-till drills are designed to plant seeds directly into confined soil, minimizing soil disturbance and preserving soil structure.

    1.6 Environmental impact: The use of seed drills, especially with conservation tillage practices, has contributed to reducing soil erosion and improving soil health by reducing soil disturbance.

    In summary, the seed drill is a significant agricultural innovation that has changed the way seeds are sown. Its introduction increased efficiency, improved yields and encouraged more sustainable farming practices. It is an essential tool in modern agriculture for accurate and efficient seed sowing.

    2. Transplanter

    A "Transplanter" is a specialized agricultural machine used to transplant seedlings from the nursery to the field where they will grow to maturity. Transplanting is a common practice in modern agriculture, especially for crops such as rice, vegetables and tobacco, which benefit from being started in a controlled environment before being transferred to the main field. Here is some information about transplanters:

    2.1 Purpose: The main purpose of the transplanter is to facilitate efficient and uniform transplantation of young seedlings from the seedbed or nursery to the field. Transplanting allows farmers to gain better control over seedling growth conditions and maximize use of available land.

    2.2 Types of Transplanters: There are several types of transplanters, each designed for specific crops and field conditions:
    • Rice transplanter: Designed specifically for rice paddies, this type of transplanter plants rice seedlings in straight rows at predetermined intervals, allowing optimal spacing between plants.
    • Vegetable transplanter: Vegetable transplanter is used for a wide range of vegetables, such as tomatoes, peppers, cabbage and lettuce. They can handle different sized seedlings and adjust the planting depth and spacing.
    • Tobacco Transplanter: This type of transplanter is specialized for transplanting tobacco seedlings, which require specific spacing for optimal growth and leaf quality.

    2.3 Operation: A transplanter works by picking up seedlings from the nursery or seedbed and transferring them to the field. The machine usually consists of a planting unit that holds the seedlings and a conveyor or mechanism that places them in the soil at the desired depth and spacing. The transplanter is either manually operated or tractor-mounted for large-scale operations.

    2.4 Advantages of using a transplanter:
    • Time saving: Transplanters significantly reduce the time and labor required to manually transplant seedlings, especially in large-scale farming operations.
    • Uniform planting: Transplanters ensure consistent spacing between seedlings, allowing for greater plant growth and better utilization of available resources.
    • Higher yields: Accuracy and precision of planting with a transplanter can result in higher crop yields due to reduced competition between plants and better access to nutrients and sunlight.
    • Reduces seed waste: Transplanters can help reduce seed waste because they only use seedlings that are well developed in the nursery, reducing the need for additional seedling thinning.

    2.5 Environmental considerations: The use of transplanters can contribute to sustainable agricultural practices. It allows for better management of water and nutrients, reduces soil erosion and optimizes land use.

    2.6 Challenges: While transplanters offer numerous benefits, their successful operation depends on having healthy and robust seedlings in the nursery. Poor-quality seedlings can lead to low transplant survival rates and reduced crop yields.


    In conclusion, farm equipment plays a crucial role in modern agriculture by increasing productivity, efficiency, and sustainability. The use of innovative tools like tractors, plows, harrows, seed drills, and transplanters has revolutionized farming practices, leading to improved crop yields and reduced labor costs.

    Reference & Resources


    2. Learn the Names of Farm Equipment & What You Need

    3. List of agricultural machinery

    4. Agricultural Machinery and Technology & Their Usage in Agriculture

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